I ask the Muni of great understanding,'--so said /K/unda, the
smith,--'Buddha, the lord of the Dhamma, who is free from desire, the
best of bipeds, the most excellent of charioteers, how many (kinds of)
Sama/n/as are there in the world; pray tell me that?'
'There are four (kinds of) Sama/n/as, (there is) not a fifth, O
/K/unda,'--so said Bhagavat,--'these I will reveal to thee, being asked
in person; (they are) Magga/g/inas and Maggadesakas, Magga/g/īvins and
'Whom do the Buddhas call a Magga/g/ina?'--so said /K/unda, the
smith,--'How is a Magga/ggh/āyin
unequalled? Being asked, describe to me a Magga/g/īvin, and reveal to me
Bhagavat said: 'He who has overcome doubt, is without pain,
delights in Nibbāna, is free from greed, a leader of the world of men
and gods, such a one the Buddhas call a magga/g/ina (that is, victorious
by the way).
'He who in this world having known the best (i.e. Nibbāna) as the
best, expounds and explains here the Dhamma, him, the doubt-cutting
Muni, without desire, the second of the Bhikkhus they call a maggadesin
(that is, teaching the way).
'He who lives in the way that has so well been taught in the
Dhammapada, and is restrained, attentive, cultivating blameless words,
him the third of the Bhikshus they call a magga/g/īvin (that is, living
in the way).
'He who although counterfeiting the virtuous is forward, disgraces
families, is impudent, deceitful, unrestrained, a babbler, walking in
disguise, such a one is a maggadūsin (that is, defiling the way).
'He who has penetrated these (four Sama/n/as), who is a
householder, possessed of knowledge, a pupil of the venerable ones,
wise, having known that they all are such,--having seen so, his faith is
not lost; for how could he make the undepraved equal to the depraved and
the pure equal to the impure?'
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