If either walking or standing, sitting or lying, any one contracts
(or) stretches (his body, then) this is the motion of the body.
The body which is put together with bones and sinews, plastered
with membrane and flesh, and covered with skin, is not seen as it really
It is filled with the intestines, the stomach, the lump of the
liver, the abdomen, the heart, the lungs, the kidneys, the spleen.
With mucus, saliva, perspiration, lymph, blood, the fluid that
lubricates the joints, bile, and fat.
Then in nine streams impurity flows always from it; from the eye
the eye-excrement, from the ear the ear-excrement,
Mucus from the nose, through the mouth it ejects at one time bile
and (at other times) it ejects phlegm, and from (all) the body come
sweat and dirt.
Then its hollow head is filled with the brain. A fool led by
ignorance thinks it a fine thing.
And when it lies dead, swollen and livid, discarded in the
cemetery, relatives do not care (for it).
Dogs eat it and jackals, wolves and worms; crows and vultures eat
it, and what other living creatures there are.
The Bhikkhu possessed of understanding in this world, having
listened to Buddha's words, he
certainly knows it (i.e. the body) thoroughly, for he sees it as it
"As this (living body is) so is that (dead one), as this is so
that (will be); let one put away desire for the body, both as to
its interior and as to its exterior."
Such a Bhikkhu who has turned away from desire and attachment,
and is possessed of understanding in this world, has (already) gone to
the immortal peace, the unchangeable state of Nibbâna.
This (body) with two feet is cherished (although) impure,
ill-smelling, filled with various kinds of stench, and trickling here
He who with such a body thinks to exalt himself or despises
others--what else (is this) but blindness?
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