Without a cause and unknown is the life of mortals in this world,
troubled and brief, and combined with pain.
For there is not any means by which those that have been born can
avoid dying; after reaching old age there is death, of such a nature are
As ripe fruits are early in danger of falling, so mortals when
born are always in danger of death.
As all earthen vessels made by the potter end in being broken, so
is the life of mortals.
Both young and grown-up men, both those who are fools and those
who are wise men, all fall into the power of death, all are subject to
Of those who, overcome by death, go to the other world, a father
does not save his son, nor relatives their relations.
Mark! while relatives are looking on and lamenting greatly, one by
one of the mortals is carried off, like an ox that is going to be
So the world is afflicted with death and decay, therefore the wise
do not grieve, knowing the terms of the world.
For him, whose way thou dost not know, either when he is coming or
when he is going, not seeing both ends, thou grievest in vain.
If he who grieves gains anything, (although he is only) a fool
hurting himself, let the wise man do the same.
Not from weeping nor from grieving will any one obtain peace of
mind; (on the contrary), the greater his pain will be, and his body will
He will be lean and pale, hurting himself by himself, (and yet)
the dead are not saved, lamentation (therefore) is of no avail.
He who does not leave grief behind, goes (only) deeper into pain;
bewailing the dead he falls into the power of grief.
Look at others passing away, men that go (to what they deserve)
according to their deeds, beings trembling already here, after falling
into the power of death.
In whatever manner people think (it will come to pass), different
from that it becomes, so great is
the disappointment (in this world); see, (such are) the terms of the
Even if a man lives a hundred years or even more, he is at last
separated from the company of his relatives, and leaves life in this
Therefore let one, hearing (the words of) the saint, subdue his
lamentation; seeing the one that has passed away and is dead, (let him
say): 'He will not be found by me (any more).'
As a house on fire is extinguished by water, so also the wise,
sensible, learned, clever man rapidly drives away sorrow that has
arisen, as the wind a tuft of cotton.
He who seeks his own happiness should draw out his arrow (which
is) his lamentation, and complaint, and grief.
He who has drawn out the arrow and is not dependent (on anything)
will obtain peace of mind; he who has overcome all sorrow will become
free from sorrow, and blessed (nibbuta).
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