Neither has before been seen by me,'--so said the venerable
Sâriputta,--'nor has any one heard of such a beautifully-speaking
master, a teacher arrived from the Tusita heaven.
'As he, the clearly-seeing, appears to the world of men and gods,
after having dispelled all darkness, so he wanders alone in the midst
'To this Buddha, who is independent, unchanged, a guileless
teacher, who has arrived (in the world), I have come supplicatingly with
a question from many who are bound in this world.
'To a Bhikkhu who is loath (of the world) and affects an isolated
seat, the root of a tree or a cemetery, or (who lives) in the caves of
'How many dangers (are there not) in these various dwelling-places
at which the Bhikkhu does not tremble in his quiet dwelling!
'How many dangers (are there not) in the world for him who goes to
the immortal region, (dangers) which the Bhikkhu overcomes in his
'Which are his words, which are his objects in this world, which
are the virtue and (holy) works of the energetic Bhikkhu?
'What study having devoted himself to, intent on one object,
wise and thoughtful, can he blow off his own filth as the smith (blows
off) that of the silver?'
'What is pleasant for him who is disgusted (with birth, &c.), O
Sâriputta,'--so said Bhagavat,--'if he cultivates a lonely
dwelling-place, and loves perfect enlightenment in accordance with the
Dhamma, that I will tell thee as I understand it.
'Let not the wise and thoughtful Bhikkhu wandering on the
borders be afraid of the five dangers: gad-flies and (all other)
flies, snakes, contact with (evil) men, and quadrupeds.
'Let him not be afraid of adversaries, even having seen many
dangers from them; further he
will overcome other dangers while seeking what is good.
'Touched by sickness and hunger let him endure cold and excessive
heat, let him, touched by them in many ways, and being houseless, make
'Let him not commit theft, let him not speak falsely, let him
touch friendly what is feeble or strong, what he acknowledges to be the
agitation of the mind, let him drive that off as a partisan of Ka/n/ha
'Let him not fall into the power of anger and arrogance; having
dug up the root of these, let him live, and let him overcome both what
is pleasant and what is unpleasant.
'Guided by wisdom, taking delight in what is good, let him
scatter those dangers, let him overcome discontent in his distant
dwelling, let him overcome the four causes of lamentation.
'What shall I eat, or where shall I eat?--he lay indeed
uncomfortably (last night)--where shall I lie this night? let the Sekha
who wanders about houseless subdue these lamentable doubts.
'Having had in (due) time both food and clothes, let him know
moderation in this world for the sake of happiness; guarded in these
(things) and wandering restrained in the village let him, even (if he
be) irritated, not speak harsh words.
'Let him be with down-cast eyes, and not prying, devoted to
meditation, very watchful; having acquired equanimity let him with a
composed mind cut off the seat of doubt, and misbehaviour.
'Urged on by words (of his teachers) let him be thoughtful and
rejoice (at this urging), let
him break stubbornness in his fellow-students, let him utter propitious
words and not unseasonable, let him not think detractingly of others.
'And then the five impurities in the world, the subjection of
which he must learn thoughtfully,--let him overcome passion for form,
sound and taste, smell and touch.
'Let the Bhikkhu subdue his wish for these Dhammas and be
thoughtful, and with his mind well liberated, then in time he will,
reflecting upon Dhamma, and having become intent upon one object,
destroy darkness.' So said Bhagavat.
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