HYMN LXVIII. Soma Pavamana.
THE drops of Soma juice like cows who yield their milk have flowed forth,
rich in meath, unto the Shining One,
And, seated on the grass, raising their voice, assumed the milk, the covering
robe wherewith the udders stream.
He bellows with a roar around the highest twigs: the Tawny One is sweetened as
he breaks them up.
Then passing through the sieve into the ample room, the God throws off the dregs
according to his wish.
The gladdening drink that measured out the meeting Twins fills full with milk
the Eternal Ever-waxing Pair.
Bringing to light the Two great Regions limitless, moving above them he gained
sheen that never fades.
Wandering through, the Parents, strengthening the floods, the Sage makes his
place swell with his own native might.
The stalk is mixed with grain: he comes led by the men together with the
sisters, and preserves the Head.
With energetic intellect the Sage is born, deposited as germ of Law, far from
They being young at first showed visibly distinct the Creature that is
half-concealed and half-exposed.
The sages knew the form of him the Gladdener, what time the Falcon brought the
plant from far away.
Him who assures success they beautified in streams, the stalk who yearned
therefor, mighty and meet for praise.
Together with the Rsis, with their prayers and hymns ten women deck thee,
Soma, friendly when effused.
Led by the men, with invocations of the Gods, through the fleece, thou hast
given us strength to win the spoil.
Songs resonant with praise have celebrated him. Soma, Friend, springing forth
with his fair company.
Even him who rich in meath, with undulating stream, Winner of Wealth, Immortal,
sends his voice from heaven,
He sends it into all the region forth from heaven. Soma, while he is filtered,
settles in the jars.
With milk and waters is he decked when pressed with stones: Indu, when purified,
shall find sweet rest and room.
Even thus poured forth How on thy way, O Soma, vouchsafing us most manifold
We will invoke benevolent Earth and Heaven. Give us, ye Gods, riches with noble
HYMN LXIX. Soma Pavamana.
LAID like an arrow on the bow the hymn hath been loosed like a young calf to
the udder of its dam.
As one who cometh first with full stream she is milked the Soma is impelled to
this man's holy rites.
The thought is deeply fixed; the savoury juice is shed; the tongue with joyous
sound is stirring in the mouth;
And Pavamana, like the shout of combatants, the drop rising in sweet juice, is
flowing through the fleece.
He flows about the sheep-skin, longing for a bride: he looses Aditi's
Daughters for the worshipper.
The sacred drink hath come, gold-tinted, well-restrained: like a strong Bull he
shines, whetting his manly might.
The Bull is bellowing; the Cows are coming nigh: the Goddesses approach the
God's own resting-place.
Onward hath Soma passed through the sheep's fair bright fleece, and hath, as
'twere, endued a garment newly washed.
The golden-hued, Immortal, newly bathed, puts on a brightly shining vesture
that is never harmed.
He made the ridge of heaven to be his radiant robe, by sprinkling of the bowls
from moisture of the sky.
Even as the beams of Surya, urging men to speed, that cheer and send to sleep,
together rush they forth,
These swift outpourings in long course of holy rites: no form save only Indra
shows itself so pure.
As down the steep slope of a river to the vale, drawn from the Steer the swift
strong draughts have found a way.
Well be it with the men and cattle in our home. May powers, O Soma, may the
people stay with us.
Pour out upon us wealth in goods, in gold, in steeds, in cattle and in corn,
and great heroic strength.
Ye, Soma, are my Fathers, lifted up on high as heads of heaven and makers of the
strength of life.
These Pavamanas here, these drops of Soma, to Indra have sped forth like cars
Effused, they pass the cleansing fleece, while, gold-hued, they cast their
covering off to pour the rain down.
O Indu, flow thou on for lofty Indra, flow blameless, very gracious,
Bring splendid treasures to the man who lauds thee. O Heaven and Earth, with all
the Gods protect. us.
HYMN LXX. Soma Pavamana.
THE three times seven Milch-kine in the eastern heaven have for this Soma
poured the genuine milky draught.
Four other beauteous Creatures hath he made for his adornment, when he waxed in
strength through holy rites.
Longing for lovely Amrta, by his wisdom he divided, each apart from other,
earth and heaven.
He gladly wrapped himself in the most lucid floods, when through their glory
they found the God's resting-place.
May those his brilliant rays he ever free from death, inviolate, for both
classes of created things,-
Rays wherewith powers of men and Gods are purified. Yea, even for this have
sages welcomed him as King.
He, while he is adorned by the ten skilful ones, that he too in the Midmost
Mothers may create,
While he is watching o'er the lovely Amrta's ways, looks on both races as
Beholder of mankind.
He, while he is adorned to stream forth mighty strength, rejoices in his place
between the earth and heaven.
The Steer dispels the evil-hearted with his might, aiming at offerings as an
archer at the game.
Beholding, as it were, Two Mother Cows, the Steer goes roaring on his way even
as the Maruts roar.
Knowing Eternal Law, the earliest light of heaven, he, passing wise, was chosen
out to tell it forth.
The fearful Bull is bellowing with violent might, far-sighted, sharpening his
yellow coloured horns.
Soma assumes his seat in the well-fashioned place: the cowhide and the sheepskin
are his ornament.
Bright, making pure his body free from spot and stain, on the sheep's back the
Golden-coloured hath flowed down.
Acceptable to Mitra, Vayu, Varuna, he is prepared as threefold meal by skilful
Flow on for the God's banquet, Soma, as a Steer, and enter Indra's heart, the
Bear us beyond misfortune ere we be oppressed. the man who knows the land
directs the man who asks.
Urged like a car-steed flow to strength, O Soma: Indu, flow onward to the
throat of Indra.
Skilled, bear us past, as in a boat o'er water: as battling Hero save us from
HYMN LXXI. Soma Pavamana,
THE guerdon is bestowed: the Mighty takes his Seat, and, ever-Watchful,
guards from fiend and evil sprite.
Gold-hued, he makes the cloud his diadem, the milk his carpet in both worlds,
and prayer his robe of state.
Strong, bellowing, he goes, like one who slays the folk; he lets this hue of
Asuras flow off from him,
Throws off his covering, seeks his father's meeting-place, and thus makes for
himself the bright robe he assumes.
Onward he flows, from both the hands, pressed out with stones: excited by the
prayer, the water makes him wild.
He frolics and draws near, completes his work with song, and bathes in streams
to satisfy the worshipper.
They pour out meath around the Master of the house, Celestial Strengthener of
the mountain that gives might;
In whom, through his great powers, oblation-eating cows in their uplifted udder
mix their choicest milk.
They, the ten sisters, on the lap of Aditi, have sent him forward like a car
from both the arms.
He wanders and comes near the Cow's mysterious place, even the place which his
inventions have produced.
Like as a falcon to his home, so speeds the God to his own golden
wisely-fashioned place to rest.
With song they urge the darling to the sacred grass: the Holy One goes like a
courser to the Gods.
From far away, from heaven, the redhued noted Sage, Steer of the triple
height, hath sung unto the kine.
With thousand guidings he, leading this way and that, shines, as a singer,
splendidly through many a morn.
His covering assumes a radiant hue; where'er he comes into the fight he drives
the foe afar.
The Winner of the Floods, with food he seeks the host of heaven, he comes to
praises glorified with milk.
Like a bull roaming round the herds he bellows: he hath assumed the brilliancy
Down to the earth hath looked the heavenly Falcon: Soma with wisdom views all
HYMN LXXII. Soma Pavamana.
THEY cleanse the Gold-hued: like a red Steed is he yoked, and Soma in the jar
is mingled with the milk.
He sendeth out his voice, and many loving friends of him the highly lauded
hasten with their songs.
The many sages utter words in unison, while into Indra's throat they pour the
When, with the ten that dwell together closely joined, the men whose hands are
skilful cleanse the lovely meath.
He goes upon his way, unresting, to the cows, over the roaring sound which
Sarya's Daughter loves.
The Falcon brought it to him for his own delight: now with the twofold kindred
sisters is his home.
Washed by the men, stone-pressed, dear on the holy grass, faithful to seasons,
Lord of cattle from of old,
Most liberal, completing sacrifice for men, O Indra, pure bright Soma, Indu,
flows for thee.
O Indra, urged by arms of men and poured in streams, Soma flows on for thee
after.his Godlike kind.
Plans thou fulfillest, gatherest thoughts for sacrifice: in the bowls sits the
Gold-hued like a roosting bird.
Sages well-skilled in work, intelligent, drain out the stalk that roars, the
Sage, the Everlasting One.
The milk, the hymns unite them with him in the place of sacrifice, his seat who
is produced anew.
Earth's central point, sustainer of the mighty heavens, distilled into the
streams, into the waters' wave,
As Indra's thunderbolt, Steer with farspreading wealth, Soma is flowing on to
make the heart rejoice.
Over the earthly region flow thou on thy way, helping the praiser and the
pourer, thou Most Wise.
Let us not lack rich treasure reaching to our home, and may we clothe ourselves
in manifold bright wealth.
Hither, O Indu, unto us a hundred gifts of steeds, a thousand gifts of cattle
and of gold,
Measure thou forth, yea, splendid ample strengthening food do thou, O Pavamana,
heed this laud of ours.
HYMN LXXIII. Soma Pavamana.
THEY from the spouting drop have sounded at the rim: naves speed together to
the place of sacrifice.
That Asura hath formed, to seize, three lofty heights. The ships of truth have
borne the pious man across.
The strong Steers, gathering, have duly stirred themselves,and over the
stream's wave the friends sent forth the song.
Engendering the hymn, with flowing streams of meath, Indra's dear body have they
caused to wax in strength.
With sanctifying gear they sit around the song: their ancient Father guards
their holy work from harm.
Varuna hath o'erspread the mighty sea of air. Sages had power to hold him in
Sweet-tongued, exhaustless, they have sent their voices down together, in
heaven's vault that pours a thousand streams.
His wildly-restless warders never close an eye: in every place are found the
bonds that bind man last.
O'er Sire and Mother they have roared in unison bright with the verse of
praise, burning up riteless men,
Blowing away with supernatural might from earth and from the heavens the swarthy
skin which Indra hates.
Those which, as guides of song and counsellors of speed, were manifested from
their ancient dwelling place,-
From these the eyeless and the deaf have turned aside: the wicked travel not the
pathway of the Law.
What time the filter with a thousand streams is stretched, the thoughtful
sages purify their song therein.
Bright-coloured are their spies, vigorous, void of guile, excellent, fair to
see, beholders of mankind.
Guardian of Law, most wise, he may not be deceived: three Purifiers hath he
set within his heart.
With wisdom he beholds all creatures that exist: he drives into the pit the
hated riteliess [sic] ones.
The thread of sacrifice spun in the cleansing sieve, on Varuna's tongue-tip,
by supernatural might,-
This, by their striving, have the prudent ones attained: he who hath not this
power shall sink into the pit.
HYMN LXXIV. Soma Pavamana
BORN like a youngling he hath clamoured in the wood, when he, the Red, the
Strong, would win the light of heaven.
He comes with heavenly seed that makes the water swell: him for wide-spreading
shelter we implore with prayer.
A far-extended pillar that supports the sky the Soma-stalk, filled full, moves
itself every way.
He shall bring both these great worlds while the rite proceeds: the Sage holds
these who move! together and all food.
Wide space hath he who follows Aditi's right path, and mighty, well-made food,
meath blent with Soma juice;
He who from hence commands the rain, Steer of the kine, Leader of floods, who
helps us hence, who claims our laud.
Butter and milk are drawn from animated cloud; thence Amrta is produced,
centre of sacrifice.
Him the Most Bounteous Ones, ever united, love; him as our Friend the Men who
make all swell rain down.
The Soma-stalk hath roared, following with the wave: he swells with sap for
man the skin which Gods enjoy.
Upon the lap of Aditi he lays the germ, by means whereof we gain children and
In the third region which distils a thousand streams, may the Exhaustless Ones
descend with procreant power.
The kindred Four have been sent downward from the heavens: dropping with oil
they bring Amrta and sacred gifts.
Soma assumes white colour when he strives to gain: the bounteous Asura knows
full many a precious boon.
Down the steep slope, through song, he comes to sacrifice, and he will burst the
water-holding cask of heaven,
Yea, to the shining milk-anointed beaker, as to his goal, hath stepped the
Pious-souled men have sent their giffi [sic] of cattle unto Kaksivan of the hundred
Soma, thy juice when thou art blended with the streams, flows, Pavamana,
through the long wool of the sheep.
So, cleansed by sages. O best giver of delight, grow sweet for Indra, Pavamana!
for his drink.
HYMN LXXV. Soma Pavamana.
GRACIOUSLY-MINDED he is flowing on his way to win dear names o'er which the
Youthful One grows great.
The Mighty and Far-seeing One hath mounted now the mighty Surya's car which
moves to every side.
The Speaker, unassailable Master of this hymn, the Tongue of sacrifice pours
forth the pleasant meath.
Within the lustrous region of the heavens the Son makes the third secret name of
Mother and of Sire.
Sending forth flashes he hath bellowed to the jars, led by the men into the
The milky streams of sacrifice have sung to him: he of the triple height shines
brightly through the morns.
Pressed by the stones, with hymns, and graciously inclined, illuminating both
the Parents, Heaven and Earth,
He flows in ordered season onward through the flee, a current of sweet juice
still swelling day by day.
Flow onward, Soma, flow to bring prosperity: cleansed by the men, invest thee
with the milky draught.
What gladdening drinks thou hast, foaming, exceeding strong, even with these
incite Indra to give us wealth.
HYMN LXXVI. Soma Pavamana.
ON flows the potent juice, sustainer of the heavens, the strength of Gods,
whom men must hail with shouts of joy.
The Gold-hued, started like a courser by brave men, impetuously winneth
splendour in the streams.
He takes his weapons, like a hero, in his hands, fain to win light, car-borne,
in forays for the kine.
Indu, while stimulating India's might, is urged forward and balmed by sages
skilful in their task.
Soma, as thou art purified with flowing wave, exhibiting thy strength enter
thou Indra's throat.
Make both worlds stream for us, as lightning doth the clouds: mete out
exhaustless powers for us, as 'twere through song.
Onward he flows, the King of all that sees the light: the Rsis' Lord hath
raised the song of sacrifice;
Even he who is adorned with Surya's arrowy beam, Father of hymns, whose wisdom
is beyond our reach.
Like as a bull to herds, thou flowest to the pail, bellowing as a steer upon
the water's lap.
So, best of Cheerers, thou for Indra flowest on that we, with thy protection,
may o'ercome in fight.
HYMN LXXVII. Soma Pavamana.
MORE beauteous than the beautiful, as Indra's bolt, this Soma, rich in
sweets, hath clamoured in the vat.
Dropping with oil, abundant, streams of sacrifice flow unto him like milch-kine,
lowing, with their milk.
On flows that Ancient One whom, hitherward, from heaven, sped through the
region of the air, the Falcon snatched.
He, quivering with alarm and terrified in heart before bow-armed Krsanu, holdeth
fast the sweet.
May those first freshest drops of Soma juice effused flow on, their way to
bring us mighty strength in kine.
Beauteous as serpents, worthy to be looked upon, they whom each sacred gift and
all our prayers have pleased.
May that much-lauded Indu, with a heart inclined to us, well-knowing, fight
against our enemies.
He who hath brought the germ beside the Strong One's seat moves onward to the
widely-opened stall of kine.
The active potent juice of heaven is flowing on, great Varuna whom the forward
man can ne'er deceive.
Mitra, the Holy, hath been pressed for troubled times, neighing like an
impatient horse amid the herd,
HYMN LXXVIII. Soma Pavamana.
RAISING his voice the King hath flowed upon his way: invested with the waters
he would win the kine.
The fleece retains his solid parts as though impure, and bright and cleansed he
seeks the special place of Gods.
Thou, Soma, art effused for Indra by the men, balmed in the wood as wave,
Sage, Viewer of mankind.
Full many are the paths whereon thou mayest go: a thousand bay steeds hast thou
resting in the bowls.
Apsarases who dwell in waters of the sea, sitting within, have flowed to Soma
wise of heart.
They urge the Master of the house upon his way, and to the Eternal Pavamana pray
Soma flows on for us as winner of the kine, winner of thousands, cars, water,
and light, and gold;
He whom the Gods have made a gladdening draught to drink, the drop most sweet to
taste, weal-bringing, red of hue.
Soma, as Pavamana thou, our faithful Friend, making for us these real
treasures, flowest on.
Slay thou the enemy both near and,far away: grant us security and ample
HYMN LXXIX. Soma Pavamana.
SPONTANEOUS let our drops of Soma juice flow on, pressed, golden-hued, among
the Gods of lofty heaven.
Perish among us they who give no gifts of food! perish the godless! May our
prayers obtain success.
Forward to us the drops, distilling meath, shall flow, like riches for whose
sake we urge the horses on.
Beyond the crafty hindering of all mortal men may we continually bear precious
Yea, verily, foe of hate shown to himself is he, yea, verity, destroyer too of
As thirst subdueth in the desert, conquer thou, O Soma Pavarnana, men of evil
Near kin to thee is he, raised loftiest in the heavens: upon the earth's high
ridge thy scions have grown forth.
The press-stones chew and crunch thee on the ox's hide: sages have milked thee
with their hands into the streams.
So do they hurry on thy strong and beauteous juice, O Indu, as the first
ingredient of the draught.
Bring low, thou Pavamana, every single foe, and be thy might shown forth as
sweet and gladdening drink.
HYMN LXXX. Soma Pavamana.
ON flows the stream of Soma who beholds mankind: by everlasting Law he calls
the Gods from heaven.
He lightens with the roaring of Brhaspati: the lakes have not contained the
pourings of juice.
Thou, powerful Soma, thou to whom the cows have bowed, ascendest bright with
sheen, thine iron-fashioned home.
Thou, lengthening our princes' life and high renown, flowest for Indra as his
might to gladdening drink.
Best giver of delight, he flows to Indra's throat, robing himself in might,
Auspicious One, for fame.
He spreads himself abroad to meet all things that be: the vigorous Tawny Steed
flows sporting on his way.
The men, the ten swift fingers, milk thee out for Gods, even thee most rich in
meath, with thousand flowing streams.
Soma who winnest thousands, driven by the men, expressed with stones, bring, as
thou flowest, all the Gods.
Deft-handed men with stones, the ten swift fingers, drain thee into waters,
thee, the Steer enriched with sweets.
Thou, Soma, gladdening Indra, and the Heavenly Host, flowest as Pavamana like a
HYMN LXXXI. Soma Pavamana.
ONWARD to Indra's throat move, beauteously adorned, the waves of Soma as he
When they, brought forward with the lovely curd of kine, effused, have cheered
the Hero to bestow his gifts.
Hither hath Soma flowed unto the beakers, like a chariot-horse, a stallion
swift upon his way.
Thus, knowing both the generations, he obtains the rights and dues of Gods from
yonder and from hence.
While thou art cleansed, O Soma, scatter wealth on us; Indu, bestow great
bounty as a liberal Prince.
Giver of life, with wisdom help to opulence; strew not our home possessions far
away from us.
Hither let Pusan Pavamana come to us, Varuna, Mitra, bountiful, of one accord,
The Maruts, Asvins, Vayu, and Brhaspati, Savitar, Tvastar, tractable Sarasvati.
Both Heaven and Earth, the all-invigorating Pair, Vidhatar, Aditi, and Aryaman
Bhaga who blesses men, the spacious Firmament,-let all the Gods in Pavamana take
HYMN LXXXII. Soma Pavamana.
EVEN as a King hath Soma, red and tawny Bull, been pressed: the Wondrous One
hath bellowed to the kine.
While purified he passes through the filtering fleece to seat him hawk-like on
the place that drops with oil.
To glory goest thou, Sage with disposing skill, like a groomed steed thou
rushest forward to the prize.
O Soma, be thou gracious, driving off distress: thou goest, clothed in butter,
to a robe of state.
Parjanya is the Father of the Mighty Bird: on mountains, in earth's centre
hath he made his home.
The waters too have flowed, the Sisters, to the kine: he meets the
pressing-stones at the beloved rite.
Thou givest pleasure as a wife delights her lord. Listen, O Child of Pajri,
for to thee I speak.
Amid the holy songs go on that we may live: in time of trouble, Soma, watch thou
free from blame.
As to the men of old thou camest, Indu unharmed, to strengthen, winning
So now for new felicity flow onward: the waters follow as thy law ordaineth.
HYMN LXXXIII. Soma Pavamana.
SPREAD is thy cleansing filter, Brahmanaspati: as Prince, thou enterest its
limbs from every side.
The raw, whose mass hath not been heated gains not this: they only which are
dressed, which bear, attain to it.
High in the seat of heaven is spread the Scorcher's sieve: its threads are
standing separate, glittering with light.
The Swift Ones favour him who purifieth this: with consciousness they stand upon
the height of heaven.
The foremost spotted Steer hath made the Mornings shine, and yearning after
strength sustains all things that be.
By his high wisdom have the mighty Sages wrought: the Fathers who behold mankind
laid down the germ,
Gandharva verily protects his dwellingplace; Wondrous, he guards the
generations of the Gods.
Lord of the snare, he takes the foeman with the snare: those who are most devout
have gained a share of meath.
Rich in oblations! robed in cloud, thou corapassest oblation, sacrifice, the
mighty seat of Gods.
King, on thy chariot-sieve thou goest up to war, and with a thousand weapons
winnest lofty fame.
HYMN LXXXIV. Soma Pavamana.
FLOW, cheering Gods, most active, winner of the flood, for Indra, and for
Vayu, and for Varuna.
Bestow on us to-day wide room with happiness, and in thine ample dwelling laud
the Host of Heaven.
He who hath come anear to creatures that have life, Immortal Soma flows onward
to all of them.
Effecting, for our aid, both union and release, Indu, like Surya, follows
closely after Dawn.
He who is poured with milk, he who within the plants hastes bringing treasure
for the happiness of Gods,
He, poured forth in a stream flows with the lightning's flash, Soma who gladdens
Indra and the Host of Heaven.
Winner of thousands, he, this Soma, flows along, raising a vigorous voice that
wakens with the dawn.
Indu with winds drives on the ocean of the air, he sinks within the jars, he
rests in Indra's heart.
The kine with milk dress him who makes the milk increase, Soma, amid the
songs, who finds the light of heaven.
Winner of wealth, the effectual juice is flowing on, Singer and Sage by wisdom,
dear as heaven itself.
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