Volume 2, Book 15, Number 69
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Umar bought a silk cloak from the market, took it to Allah's Apostle
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Take it and adorn yourself with it
during the 'Id and when the delegations visit you." Allah's Apostle
(p.b.u.h) replied, "This dress is for those who have no share (in
the Hereafter)." After a long period Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) sent
to Umar a cloak of silk brocade. Umar came to Allah's Apostle
(p.b.u.h) with the cloak and said, "O Allah's Apostle! You said that
this dress was for those who had no share (in the Hereafter); yet
you have sent me this cloak." Allah's Apostle said to him, "Sell it
and fulfill your needs by it."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 70
Allah's Apostle (p.b.u.h) came to my house while two girls were
singing beside me the songs of Buath (a story about the war between
the two tribes of the Ansar, the Khazraj and the Aus, before Islam).
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) lay down and turned his face to the other
side. Then Abu Bakr came and spoke to me harshly saying, "Musical
instruments of Satan near the Prophet (p.b.u.h) ?" Allah's Apostle
(p.b.u.h) turned his face towards him and said, "Leave them." When
Abu Bakr became inattentive, I signalled to those girls to go out
and they left. It was the day of 'Id, and the Black people were
playing with shields and spears; so either I requested the Prophet
(p.b.u.h) or he asked me whether I would like to see the display. I
replied in the affirmative. Then the Prophet (p.b.u.h) made me stand
behind him and my cheek was touching his cheek and he was saying,
"Carry on! O Bani Arfida," till I got tired. The Prophet (p.b.u.h)
asked me, "Are you satisfied (Is that sufficient for you)?" I
replied in the affirmative and he told me to leave.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 71
I heard the Prophet (p.b.u.h) delivering a Khutba saying, "The first
thing to be done on this day (first day of 'Id ul Adha) is to pray;
and after returning from the prayer we slaughter our sacrifices (in
the name of Allah) and whoever does so, he acted according to our
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 72
Abu Bakr came to my house while two small Ansari girls were singing
beside me the stories of the Ansar concerning the Day of Buath. And
they were not singers. Abu Bakr said protestingly, "Musical
instruments of Satan in the house of Allah's Apostle !" It happened
on the 'Id day and Allah's Apostle said, "O Abu Bakr! There is an
'Id for every nation and this is our 'Id."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 73
Narrated Anas bin Malik,:
Allah's Apostle never proceeded (for the prayer) on the Day of
'Id-ul-Fitr unless he had eaten some dates. Anas also narrated: The
Prophet used to eat odd number of dates.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 74
The Prophet said, "Whoever slaughtered (his sacrifice) before the
'Id prayer, should slaughter again." A man stood up and said, "This
is the day on which one has desire for meat," and he mentioned
something about his neighbors. It seemed that the Prophet I believed
him. Then the same man added, "I have a young she-goat which is
dearer to me than the meat of two sheep." The Prophet permitted him
to slaughter it as a sacrifice. I do not know whether that
permission was valid only for him or for others as well.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 75
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
The Prophet delivered the Khutba after offering the prayer on the
Day of Nahr and said, "Whoever offers the prayer like us and
slaughters like us then his Nusuk (sacrifice) will be accepted by
Allah. And whoever slaughters his sacrifice before the 'Id prayer
then he has not done the sacrifice." Abi Burda bin Niyar, the uncle
of Al-Bara' said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have slaughtered my sheep
before the 'Id prayer and I thought today as a day of eating and
drinking (not alcoholic drinks), and I liked that my sheep should be
the first to be slaughtered in my house. So slaughtered my sheep and
took my food before coming for the prayer." The Prophet said, "The
sheep which you have slaughtered is just mutton (not a Nusuk)." He
(Abu Burda) said, "O Allah's Apostle! I have a young she-goat which
is dearer to me than two sheep. Will that be sufficient as a Nusuk
on my behalf? "The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "Yes, it will be
sufficient for you but it will not be sufficient (as a Nusuk) for
anyone else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 76
Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri:
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla on the days of Id-ul-Fitr
and Id-ul-Adha; the first thing to begin with was the prayer and
after that he would stand in front of the people and the people
would keep sitting in their rows. Then he would preach to them,
advise them and give them orders, (i.e. Khutba). And after that if
he wished to send an army for an expedition, he would do so; or if
he wanted to give and order, he would do so, and then depart. The
people followed this tradition till I went out with Marwan, the
Governor of Medina, for the prayer of Id-ul-Adha or Id-ul-Fitr.
When we reached the Musalla, there was a pulpit made by Kathir bin
As-Salt. Marwan wanted to get up on that pulpit before the prayer. I
got hold of his clothes but he pulled them and ascended the pulpit
and delivered the Khutba before the prayer. I said to him, "By
Allah, you have changed (the Prophet's tradition)." He replied, "O
Abu Sa'id! Gone is that which you know." I said, "By Allah! What I
know is better than what I do not know." Marwan said, "People do not
sit to listen to our Khutba after the prayer, so I delivered the
Khutba before the prayer."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 77
Narrated 'Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah's Apostle used to offer the prayer of 'Id-ul-Adha and
'Id-ul-Fitr and then deliver the Khutba after the prayer.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 78
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
'Ata' said, "Jabir bin 'Abdullah said, 'The Prophet went out on the
Day of 'Id-ul-Fitr and offered the prayer before delivering the
Khutba, Ata told me that during the early days of IbnAz-Zubair, Ibn
Abbas had sent a message to him telling him that the Adhan for the
'Id Prayer was never pronounced (in the life time of Allah's
Apostle) and the Khutba used to be delivered after the prayer. Ata
told me that Ibn Abbas and Jabir bin 'Abdullah, had said, ú- where
was no Adhan for the prayer of '7d-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Aqha." 'At a'
said, "I heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah saying, 'The Prophet stood up and
started with the prayer, and after it he delivered the Khutba. When
the Prophet of Allah (p.b.u.h) finished (the Khutba), he went to the
women and preached to them, while he was leaning on Bilal's hand.
Bilal was spreading his garment and the ladies were putting alms in
it.' " I said to Ata, "Do you think it incumbent upon an Imam to go
to the women and preach to them after finishing the prayer and
Khutba?" 'Ata' said, "No doubt it is incumbent on Imams to do so,
and why should they not do so?"
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 79
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I offered the 'Id prayer with Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr, Umar and
'Uthman and all of them offered the prayer before delivering the
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 80
Narrated Ibn Umar:
Allah's Apostle, Abu Bakr and Umar! used to offer the two 'Id
prayers before delivering the Khutba.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 81
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet offered a two Rakat prayer on the Day of Id ul Fitr and
he did not pray before or after it. Then he went towards women along
with Bilal and ordered them to pay alms and so they started giving
their earrings and necklaces (in charity).
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 82
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) said, "The first thing that we should do on
this day of ours is to pray and then return to slaughter the
sacrifice. So anyone who does so, he acted according to our Sunna
(tradition), and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice before the
prayer, it was just meat which he presented to his family and would
not be considered as Nusuk." A person from the Ansar named Abu Burda
bin Niyyar said, "O Allah's Apostle! I slaughtered the Nusuk (before
the prayer) but I have a young she-goat which is better than an
older sheep." The Prophet I said, "Sacrifice it in lieu of the
first, but it will be not sufficient (as a sacrifice) for anybody
else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 83
Narrated Said bin Jubair:
I was with Ibn Umar when a spear head pierced the sole of his foot
and his foot stuck to the paddle of the saddle and I got down and
pulled his foot out, and that happened in Mina. Al-Hajjaj got the
news and came to enquire about his health and said, "Alas! If we
could only know the man who wounded you!" Ibn Umar said, "You are
the one who wounded me." Al-Hajjaj said, "How is that?" Ibn Umar
said, "You have allowed the arms to be carried on a day on which
nobody used to carry them and you allowed arms to be carried in the
Haram even though it was not allowed before."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 84
Narrated Said bin 'Amr bin Said bin Al-'Aas:
Al-Hajjaj went to Ibn Umar while I was present there. Al-Hajjaj
asked Ibn Umar, "How are you?" Ibn Umar replied, "I am all right,"
Al-Hajjaj asked, "Who wounded you?" Ibn Umar replied, "The person
who allowed arms to be carried on the day on which it was forbidden
to carry them (he meant Al-Hajjaj)"
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 85
The Prophet delivered the Khutba on the day of Nahr ('Id-ul-Adha)
and said, "The first thing we should do on this day of ours is to
pray and then return and slaughter (our sacrifices). So anyone who
does so he acted according to our Sunna; and whoever slaughtered
before the prayer then it was just meat that he offered to his
family and would not be considered as a sacrifice in any way. My
uncle Abu Burda bin Niyyar got up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I
slaughtered the sacrifice before the prayer but I have a young
she-goat which is better than an older sheep." The Prophet said,
"Slaughter it in lieu of the first and such a goat will not be
considered as a sacrifice for anybody else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 86
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
The Prophet said, "No good deeds done on other days are superior to
those done on these (first ten days of Dhul Hijja)." Then some
companions of the Prophet said, "Not even Jihad?" He replied, "Not
even Jihad, except that of a man who does it by putting himself and
his property in danger (for Allah's sake) and does not return with
any of those things."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 87
Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Bakr Al-Thaqafi:
While we were going from Mina to 'Arafat, I asked Anas bin Malik,
about Talbiya, "How did you use to say Talbiya in the company of the
Prophet?" Anas said: "People used to say Talbiya and their saying
was not objected to and they used to say Takbir and that was not
objected to either. "
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 88
Narrated Um 'Atiya:
We used to be ordered to come out on the Day of 'Id and even bring
out the virgin girls from their houses and menstruating women so
that they might stand behind the men and say Takbir along with them
and invoke Allah along with them and hope for the blessings of that
day and for purification from sins.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 89
Narrated Ibn Umar: On the day of 'Id-ul-Fitr and 'Id-ul-Adha a spear
used to be planted in front of the Prophet I (as a Sutra for the
prayer) and then he would pray.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 90
Narrated Ibn Umar:
The Prophet used to proceed to the Musalla and an 'Anaza used to be
carried before him and planted in the Musalla in front of him and he
would pray facing it (as a Sutra).
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 91
Um 'Atiyya said: "Our Prophet ordered us to come out (on 'Id day)
with the mature girls and the virgins staying in seclusion." Hafsa
narrated the above mentioned Hadith and added, "The mature girls or
virgins staying in seclusion but the menstruating women had to keep
away from the Musalla."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 92
Narrated Ibn Abbas:
I (in my boyhood) went out with the Prophet on the day of 'Id ul
Fitr or Id-ul-Adha. The Prophet prayed and then delivered the Khutba
and then went towards the women, preached and advised them and
ordered them to give alms.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 93
The Prophet went towards Al-Baqi (the grave-yard at Medina) on the
day of Id-ul-Adha and offered a two-Rakat prayer (of 'Id-ul-Adha)
and then faced us and said, "On this day of ours, our first act of
worship is the offering of prayer and then we will return and
slaughter the sacrifice, and whoever does this concords with our
Sunna; and whoever slaughtered his sacrifice before that (i.e.
before the prayer) then that was a thing which he prepared earlier
for his family and it would not be considered as a Nusuk
(sacrifice.)" A man stood up and said, "O, Allah's Apostle! I
slaughtered (the animal before the prayer) but I have a young
she-goat which is better than an older sheep." The Prophet (p.b.u.h)
said to him, "Slaughter it. But a similar sacrifice will not be
sufficient for anybody else after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 94
Narrated 'Abdur Rahman bin 'Abis:
Ibn Abbas was asked whether he had joined the Prophet in the 'Id
prayer. He said, "Yes. And I could not have joined him had I not
been young. (The Prophet came out) till he reached the mark which
was near the house of Kathir bin As-Salt, offered the prayer,
delivered the Khutba and then went towards the women. Bilal was
accompanying him. He preached to them and advised them and ordered
them to give alms. I saw the women putting their ornaments with
their outstretched hands into Bilal's garment. Then the Prophet
along with Bilal returned home.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 95
Narrated Ibn Juraij:
'Ata' told me that he had heard Jabir bin 'Abdullah saying, "The
Prophet stood up to offer the prayer of the 'Id ul Fitr. He first
offered the prayer and then delivered the Khutba. After finishing it
he got down (from the pulpit) and went towards the women and advised
them while he was leaning on Bilal's hand. Bilal was spreading out
his garment where the women were putting their alms." I asked 'Ata'
whether it was the Zakat of 'Id ul Fitr. He said, "No, it was just
alms given at that time. Some lady put her finger ring and the
others would do the same." I said, (to 'Ata'), "Do you think that it
is incumbent upon the Imam to give advice to the women (on 'Id
day)?" He said, "No doubt, it is incumbent upon the Imams to do so
and why should they not do so?" Al-Hasan bin Muslim told me that Ibn
Abbas had said, "I join the Prophet, Abu Bakr, Umar and 'Uthman in
the 'Id ul Fitr prayers. They used to offer the prayer before the
Khutba and then they used to deliver the Khutba afterwards. Once the
Prophet I came out (for the 'Id prayer) as if I were just observing
him waving to the people to sit down. He, then accompanied by Bilal,
came crossing the rows till he reached the women. He recited the
following verse: 'O Prophet! When the believing women come to you to
take the oath of fealty to you . . . (to the end of the verse)
(60.12).' After finishing the recitation he said, "O ladies! Are you
fulfilling your covenant?" None except one woman said, "Yes." Hasan
did not know who was that woman. The Prophet said, "Then give alms."
Bilal spread his garment and said, "Keep on giving alms. Let my
father and mother sacrifice their lives for you (ladies)." So the
ladies kept on putting their Fatkhs (big rings) and other kinds of
rings in Bilal's garment." Abdur-Razaq said, " 'Fatkhs' is a big
ring which used to be worn in the (Pre-lslamic) period of ignorance.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 96
Hafsa bint Sirin said, "On Id we used to forbid our girls to go out
for 'Id prayer. A lady came and stayed at the palace of Bani Khalaf
and I went to her. She said, 'The husband of my sister took part in
twelve holy battles along with the Prophet and my sister was with
her husband in six of them. My sister said that they used to nurse
the sick and treat the wounded. Once she asked, 'O Allah's Apostle!
If a woman has no veil, is there any harm if she does not come out
(on 'Id day)?' The Prophet said, 'Her companion should let her share
her veil with her, and the women should participate in the good
deeds and in the religious gatherings of the believers.' " Hafsa
added, "When Um-'Atiya came, I went to her and asked her, 'Did you
hear anything about so-and-so?' Um-'Atlya said, 'Yes, let my father
be sacrificed for the Prophet (p.b.u.h). (And whenever she mentioned
the name of the Prophet she always used to say, 'Let my father be'
sacrificed for him). He said, 'Virgin mature girls staying often
screened (or said, 'Mature girls and virgins staying often
screened--Aiyub is not sure as which was right) and menstruating
women should come out (on the 'Id day). But the menstruating women
should keep away from the Musalla. And all the women should
participate in the good deeds and in the religious gatherings of the
believers'." Hafsa said, "On that I said to Um-'Atiya, 'Also those
who are menstruating?' " Um-'Atiya replied, "Yes. Do they not
present themselves at 'Arafat and elsewhere?".
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 97
We were ordered to go out (for 'Id) and also to take along with us
the menstruating women, mature girls and virgins staying in
seclusion. (Ibn 'Aun said, "Or mature virgins staying in
seclusion)." The menstruating women could present themselves at the
religious gathering and invocation of Muslims but should keep away
from their Musalla.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 98
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet (p.b.u.h) used to Nahr or slaughter sacrifices at the
Musalla (on 'Id-ul-Adha).
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 99
Narrated Al-Bara' bin 'Azib:
On the day of Nahr Allah's Apostle delivered the Khutba after the
'Id prayer and said, "Anyone who prayed like us and slaughtered the
sacrifice like we did then he acted according to our (Nusuk)
tradition of sacrificing, and whoever slaughtered the sacrifice
before the prayer, then that was just mutton (i.e. not sacrifice)."
Abu Burda bin Naiyar stood up and said, "O Allah's Apostle! By
Allah, I slaughtered my sacrifice before I offered the (Id) prayer
and thought that today was the day of eating and drinking
(non-alcoholic drinks) and so I made haste (in slaughtering) and ate
and also fed my family and neighbors." Allah's Apostle said, "That
was just mutton (not a sacrifice)." Then Abu Burda said, "I have a
young she-goat and no doubt, it is better than two sheep. Will that
be sufficient as a sacrifice for me?" The Prophet replied, "Yes. But
it will not be sufficient for anyone else (as a sacrifice), after you."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 100
Narrated Anas bin Malik:
Allah's Apostle .~ offered the prayer on the day of Nahr and then
delivered the Khutba and ordered that whoever had slaughtered his
sacrifice before the prayer should repeat it, that is, should
slaughter another sacrifice. Then a person from the Ansar stood up
and said, "O Allah's Apostle! because of my neighbors (he described
them as being very needy or poor) I slaughtered before the prayer. I
have a young she-goat which, in my opinion, is better than two
sheep." The Prophet gave him the permission for slaughtering it as a
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 101
On the day of Nahr the Prophet offered the prayer and delivered the
Khutba and then slaughtered the sacrifice and said, "Anybody who
slaughtered (his sacrifice) before the prayer should slaughter
another animal in lieu of it, and the one who has not yet
slaughtered should slaughter the sacrifice mentioning Allah's name
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 102
Narrated Jabir bin 'Abdullah:
On the Day of 'Id the Prophet used to return (after offering the 'Id
prayer) through a way different from that by which he went.
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 103
Narrated 'Urwa on the authority of 'Aisha:
On the days of Mina, (11th, 12th, and 13th of Dhul-Hijjah) Abu Bakr
came to her while two young girls were beating the tambourine and
the Prophet was lying covered with his clothes. Abu Bakr scolded
them and the Prophet uncovered his face and said to Abu Bakr, "Leave
them, for these days are the days of 'Id and the days of Mina."
'Aisha further said, "Once the Prophet was screening me and I was
watching the display of black slaves in the Mosque and ('Umar)
scolded them. The Prophet said, 'Leave them. O Bani Arfida! (carry
on), you are safe (protected)'."
Volume 2, Book 15, Number 104
Narrated Ibn 'Abbas:
The Prophet went out and offered a two Rakat prayer on the Day of
'Id ul Fitr and did not offer any other prayer before or after it
and at that time Bilal was accompanying him.
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