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English translation of
Holy Zend Avesta - Vendidad

English translation by James Darmesteter, Dhalla, B. N. Dhabhar,
L. Mills, J. H. Peterson, C. Bartholomae
taken from http://www.avesta.org/avesta.html

Fargard 1 : Sixteen perfect lands created by Ahura Mazda, and as many plagues created by Angra Mainyu

1
Ahura Mazda spake unto Spitama Zarathushtra, saying: I have made every land dear (to its people), even though it had no charms whatever in it: had I not made every land dear (to its people),even though it had no charms whatever in it, then the whole living world would have invaded the Airyana Vaeja.

2
[Clause 2 in the Vendidad Sada is composed of Zend quotationsin the Commentary that illustrate the alternative process of creation:'First, Ahura Mazda would create a land of such kind that its dwellers might like it, and there could be nothing more delightful.Then he who is all death would bring against it a counter-creation.'] The first of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was the Airyana Vaeja, by the Vanguhi Daitya.Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the serpent in the river and Winter, a work of the Daevas.

3
There are ten winter months there, two summer months; and those are cold for the waters, cold for the earth, cold for the trees. Winter falls there, the worst of all plagues.

4
The second of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the plain [Doubtful] which the Sughdhas inhabit. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the locust, which brings death unto cattle and plants.

5
The third of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was the strong, holy Mouru. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created plunder and sin [Doubtful].

6
The fourth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the beautiful Bakhdhi with high-lifted banner. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the ants and the ant-hills.

7
The fifth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was Nisaya, that lies between the Mouru and Bakhdhi. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the sin of unbelief.

8
The sixth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was the house-deserting Haroyu. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created tears and wailing.

Continued...

9
The seventh of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was Vaekereta, of the evil shadows. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the Pairika Knathaiti, who claves unto Keresaspa.

10
The eighth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was Urva of the rich pastures. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the sin of pride.

11
The ninth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was Khnenta which the Vehrkanas inhabit. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created a sin for which there is no atonement, the unnatural sin.

12
The tenth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda,created, was the beautiful Harahvaiti. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created a sin for which there is no atonement, the burying of the dead.

13
The eleventh of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the bright, glorious Haetumant. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the evil work of witchcraft.

14
And this is the sign by which it is known, this is that by which it is seen at once: wheresoever they may go and raise a cry of sorcery, there the worst works of witchcraft go forth. From there they come to kill and strike at heart, and they bring locusts as many as they want.

15
The twelfth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was Ragha of the three races. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created the sin of utter unbelief.

16
The thirteenth of the good lands and countries which I, AhuraMazda, created, was the strong, holy Chakhra. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created a sin for which there is no atonement, the cooking of corpses.

17
The fourteenth of the good lands and countries which I, AhuraMazda, created, was the four-cornered Varena, for which was born Thraetaona, who smote Azi Dahaka. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created abnormal issues in women, and barbarian oppression.

18
The fifteenth of the good lands and countries which I, Ahura Mazda, created, was the Seven Rivers. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created abnormal issues in women, and excessive heat.

19
The sixteenth of the good lands and countries which I, AhuraMazda, created, was the land by the sources (?) of the Rangha,where people live who have no chiefs. Thereupon came Angra Mainyu, who is all death, and he counter-created Winter, a work of the Daevas.

20
There are still other lands and countries, beautiful and deep,longing and asking for the good, and bright.

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-- Fargard 1 --





 
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