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English translation of
Holy Zend Avesta - Vendidad

English translation by James Darmesteter, Dhalla, B. N. Dhabhar,
L. Mills, J. H. Peterson, C. Bartholomae
taken from http://www.avesta.org/avesta.html

Fargard 2 : Myths of Yima

1
Zarathushtra asked Ahura Mazda: O Ahura Mazda, most beneficent Spirit, Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who was the first mortal, before myself, Zarathushtra, with whom thou, Ahura Mazda, didst converse, whom thou didst teach the Religion of Ahura,the Religion of Zarathushtra?

2
Ahura Mazda answered: The fair Yima, the good shepherd, O holy Zarathushtra! he was the first mortal, before thee, Zarathushtra, with whom I, Ahura Mazda, did converse, whom I taught the Religion of Ahura, the Religion of Zarathushtra.

3
Unto him, O Zarathushtra, I, Ahura Mazda, spake,saying: 'Well, fair Yima, son of Vivanghat, be thou the preacher and the bearer of my Religion!' And the fair Yima, O Zarathushtra,replied unto me, saying: 'I was not born, I was not taught to be the preacher and the bearer of thy Religion.'

4
Then I, Ahura Mazda, said thus unto him, O Zarathushtra: 'Since thou dost not consent to be the preacher and the bearer of my Religion, then make thou my world increase, make my world grow: consent thou to nourish, to rule, and to watch over my world.'

5
And the fair Yima replied unto me, O Zarathushtra, saying:'Yes! I will make thy world increase, I will make thy world grow.Yes! I will nourish, and rule, and watch over thy world. There shall be, while I am king, neither cold wind not hot wind, neither disease nor death.'

6
Vd2.6 is composed of unconnected Zend quotations,which are no part of the text and are introduced by the commentator for the purpose of showing that 'although Yima did not teach the law and train pupils, he was nevertheless a faithful and a holyman, and rendered men holy too (?).' See Fragments of the Vendidad. Then I, Ahura Mazda, brought two implements unto him: a golden seal and a poniard inlaid with gold. Behold, here Yima bears the royal sway!

7
[Obscure.]

8
Thus, under the sway of Yima, three hundred winters passed away, and the earth was replenished with flocks and herds, with men and dogs and birds and with red blazing fires, and there was room no more for flocks, herds, and men.

9
Then I warned the fair Yima, saying: 'O fair Yima, son of Vivanghat, the earth has become full of flocks and herds, of men and dogs and birds and of red blazing fires, and there is room no more for flocks, herds, and men.'

10
Then Yima stepped forward, in light, southwards, on the way of the sun, and (afterwards) he pressed the earth with the golden seal, and bored it with the poniard, speaking thus: 'O Spenta Armaiti, kindly 'Do this out of kindness to the creatures'(Comm.) open asunder and stretch thyself afar, to bear flocks and herds and men.'

11
And Yima made the earth grow larger by one-third than it was before, and there came flocks and herds and men, at their will and wish, as many as he wished.

12
Thus, under the sway of Yima, six hundred winters passed away,and the earth was replenished with flocks and herds, with men and dogs and birds and with red blazing fires, and there was room no more for flocks, herds, and men.

13
And I warned the fair Yima, saying: 'O fair Yima, son of Vivanghat,the earth has become full of flocks and herds, of men and dogs and birds and of red blazing fires, and there is room no more for flocks, herds, and men.'

14
Then Yima stepped forward, in light, southwards, on the way of the sun, and (afterwards) he pressed the earth with the golden seal, and bored it with the poniard, speaking thus: 'O Spenta Armaiti, kindly open asunder and stretch thyself afar, to bear flocks and herds and men.'

15
And Yima made the earth grow larger by two-thirds than it was before, and there came flocks and herds and men, at their will and wish, as many as he wished.

16
Thus, under the sway of Yima, nine hundred winters passed away, and the earth was replenished with flocks and herds, with men and dogs and birds and with red blazing fires, and there was room no more for flocks, herds, and men.

17
And I warned the fair Yima, saying: 'O fair Yima, son of Vivanghat,the earth has become full of flocks and herds, of men and dogs and birds and of red blazing fires, and there is room no more for flocks, herds, and men.'

18
Then Yima stepped forward, in light, southwards, on the way of the sun, and (afterwards) he pressed the earth with the golden seal, and bored it with the poniard, speaking thus: 'O Spenta Armaiti, kindly open asunder and stretch thyself afar, to bear flocks and herds and men.'

19
And Yima made the earth grow larger by two-thirds than it was before, and there came flocks and herds and men, at their will and wish, as many as he wished.

20
The Maker, Ahura Mazda, called together a meeting of the celestial Yazatas in the Airyana Vaejo of high renown, by the Vanguhi Dairya. The fair Yima, the good shepherd, called together a meeting of the best of the mortals, in the Airyana Vaejo of high renown,by the Vanguhi Daitya.

21
To that meeting came Ahura Mazda, in the Airyana Vaejo of high renown, by the Vanguhi Daitya; he came together with the celestial Yazatas. To that meeting came the fair Yima, the good shepherd, in the Airyana Vaejo of high renown, by the Vanguhi Daitya; he came together with the best of the mortals.

22
And Ahura Mazda spake unto Yima, saying: 'O fair Yima, son of Vivanghat! Upon the material world the evil winters are about to fall, that shall bring the fierce, deadly frost; upon the material world the evil winters are about to fall, that shall make snow-flakes fall thick, even an aredvi deep on the highest tops of mountains 'Even where it (the snow) is least, it will be one Vitasti two fingers deep' (Comm.); that is, fourteen fingers deep.

Continued...

23
'And the beasts that live in the wilderness The Comm. has, strangely enough, 'for instance, Ispahan.',and those that live on the tops of the mountains 'For instance, Aparsen (the Upairisaena or Hindu-Kush).',and those that live in the bosom of the dale 'Forinstance, Khorastan (the plain of Khorasan).' shall take shelter in underground abodes.

24
'Before that winter, the country would bear plenty of grass for cattle, before the waters had flooded it. Now after the melting of the snow, O Yima, a place wherein the footprint of a sheep may be seen will be a wonder in the world.

25
'Therefore make thee a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square 'Two hathras long on every side'(Comm.) A hathra is about an English mile., and thither bring the seeds of sheep and oxen, of men, of dogs, of birds, and of red blazing fires. Therefore make thee a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, to be an abode for man; a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, for oxen and sheep.

26
'There thou shalt make waters flow in a bed a hathra long;there thou shalt settle birds, on the green that never fades,with food that never fails. There thou shalt establish dwelling-places,consisting of a house with a balcony, a courtyard, and as gallery. The last three words are of doubtful meaning.

27
'Thither thou shalt bring the seeds of men and women, of the greatest, best, and finest on this earth; thither thou shalt bringthe seeds of every kind of cattle, of the greatest, best, andfinest on this earth.

28
'Thither thou shalt bring the seeds of every kind of tree,of the highest of size and sweetest of odor on this earth. 'The highest of size, like the cypress and the plane-tree; the sweetest of odor, like the rose and the jessamine' (Comm.);thither thou shalt bring the seeds of every kind of fruit, the best of savor and sweetest of odor. 'The best of savor,like the date; the sweetest of odor, like the citron' (Comm.) All those seeds shalt thou bring, two of every kind, to be kept inexhaustible there, so long as those men shall stay in the Vara.

29
'There shall be no humpbacked, none bulged forward there;no impotent, no lunatic; no malicious, no liar; no one spiteful,none jealous; no one with decayed tooth, no leprous to be pentup, nor any of the brands where with Angra Mainyu stamps the bodies of mortals.

30
'In the largest part of the place thou shalt make nine streets,six in the middle part, three in the smallest. To the streets of the largest part thou shalt bring a thousand seeds of men and women; to the streets of the middle part, six hundred; to the streets of the smallest part, three hundred. That Vara thou shalt seal up with thy golden seal, and thou shalt make a door, anda window self-shining within.'

31
Then Yima said within himself: 'How shall I manage to make that Vara which Ahura Mazda has commanded me to make?' And Ahura Mazda said unto Yima: 'O fair Yima, son of Vivanghat! Crush the earth with a stamp of thy heel, and then knead it with thy hands,as the potter does when kneading the potter's clay.'

32
[And Yima did as Ahura Mazda wished; he crushed the earth with a stamp of his heel, he kneaded it with his hands, as the potter does when kneading the potter's clay. From the Vendidad Sada.

33
And Yima made a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square. There he brought the seeds of sheep and oxen, of men, of dogs, of birds, and of red blazing fires. He made a Vara,long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, to be an abode for men; a Vara, long as a riding-ground on every side of the square, for oxen and sheep.

34
There he made waters flow in a bed a hathra long; there he settled birds, on the green that never fades, with food that never fails. There he established dwelling-places, consisting of a house with a balcony, a courtyard, and a gallery.

35
There he brought the seeds of men and women, of the greatest,best, and finest on this earth; there he brought the seeds of every kind of cattle, of the greatest, best, and finest on this earth.

36
There he brought the seeds of every kind of tree, of the highest of size and sweetest of odor on this earth; there he brought the seeds of every kind of fruit, the best of savor and sweetest of odor. All those seeds he brought, two of every kind, to be kept inexhaustible there, so long as those men shall stay in the Vara.

37
And there were no humpbacked, none bulged forward there; no impotent, no lunatic; no one malicious, no liar; no one spiteful,none jealous; no one with decayed tooth, no leprous to be pentup, nor any of the brands wherewith Angra Mainyu stamps the bodiesof mortals.

38
In the largest part of the place he made nine streets, six in the middle part, three in the smallest. To the streets of the largest part he brought a thousand seeds of men and women; to the streets of the middle part, six hundred; to the streets of the smallest part, three hundred. That Vara he sealed up with the golden ring, and he made a door, and a window self-shining within.

39
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! What are the lights that give light in the Vara which Yima made?

40
Ahura Mazda answered: 'There are uncreated lights and created lights. The Commentary has here the following Avestan quotation: 'The uncreated light shines from above; all the created lights shine from below.' The one thing missed there is the sight of the stars, the moon, and the sun, and a year seems only as a day.

41
'Every fortieth year, to every couple two are born, a male and a female. And thus it is for every sort of cattle. And the men in the Vara which Yima made live the happiest life. 'They live there for 150 years; some say, they never die' (Comm.).'

42
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who is he who brought the Religion of Mazda into the Vara which Yima made? Ahura Mazda answered: 'It was the bird Karshipta, O holy Zarathushtra!'

43
O Maker of the material world, thou Holy One! Who are the Lord and the Master there? Ahura Mazda answered: 'Urvatat-nara, O Zarathushtra! and thyself, Zarathushtra.'

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-- Fargard 2 --





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